Association for Practical and Professional Ethics


Social Justice Panel Discussion

Lobby of the Musical Arts Center

Tuesday, October 20 from 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.


Social Justice Panel - Biographical Information



Jody Madeira, J.D.

Professor of Law and Louis F. Niezer Faculty Fellow

Professor Madeira joined the Indiana Law faculty in the fall of 2007. Her scholarly interestsJody_Madeira.jpg primarily involve the intersection of law and emotion in criminal and family law. Madeira's new book, Killing McVeigh: The Death Penalty and the Myth of Closure, applies collective memory to criminal prosecution and sentencing, exploring the ways in which victims' families and survivors came to comprehend and cope with the Oklahoma City bombing through membership in community groups as well as through attendance and participation in Timothy McVeigh's prosecution and execution. She is also actively involved in empirical research projects assessing patient decision making and informed consent in assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Additionally, Madeira investigates the effects of legal proceedings, verdicts, and sentences upon victims' families; the role of empathy in personal injury litigation; and the impact of recent developments in capital victims' services upon the relationship between victims' families and the criminal justice system.

After graduating from law school, Professor Madeira clerked for the Hon. Richard D. Cudahy at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She then came to Harvard as a Climenko Fellow and Lecturer in Law, where she taught legal research and writing as well as a seminar on the cultural life of capital punishment. Madeira also recently served as a Research Associate at the Capital Punishment Research Initiative at the School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Professor Madeira received her B.A. at Millersville University of Pennsylvania, M.S. at Georgetown University, J.D. at University of Pennsylvania Law School, and Ph.D. at University of Pennsylvania Annenberg School for Communication.


Larry A. Mackey, J.D.

Larry A. Mackey, a partner in Barnes & Thornburg’s Indianapolis, Indiana office, concentrates on Larry_A._Mackey.jpgwhite collar crime defense and complex litigation. Mr. Mackey joined Barnes & Thornburg in 1998 after 18 years as a federal prosecutor and three years as a state prosecutor. He concluded his Department of Justice service on the prosecution team responsible for the convictions of the Oklahoma City bombing defendants. Mr. Mackey tried both cases and delivered the prosecution's closing argument in U.S. v. Timothy McVeigh. As a federal prosecutor, he also investigated and tried a wide array of white collar offenses including securities fraud, healthcare fraud, money laundering, bank fraud, antitrust, and environmental crimes.

Mr. Mackey chairs the firm's White Collar and Investigations Practice Group. He concentrates his practice in the representation of corporations and executives subject to federal and state criminal and civil investigation proceedings. Mr. Mackey has represented multi-international corporations before the SEC and DOJ in Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) investigations.  He represents clients as well in complex civil disputes including pre-litigation case assessment and in all trial proceedings.

Mr. Mackey was named by Best Lawyers, a national peer-review legal ranking service, as its 2013 "Lawyer of the Year" for Criminal Defense: White-Collar in Indianapolis. He has also been recognized several times in Chambers USA, Indiana Super Lawyers Magazine and Best Lawyers in America©.

Mr. Mackey received his B.A. summa cum laude in 1973 and an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters in 1999 from the University of Evansville, Indiana, where he currently serves as an at-large member to the University's Board of Trustees. He graduated magna cum laude in 1976 from Indiana University School of Law–Bloomington. Mr. Mackey is a fellow in the American College of Trial Lawyers and the Indianapolis Bar Association. He is admitted to practice in the states of Indiana and Illinois, all federal trial courts in Indiana and Illinois, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court.


Marla Sandys, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor

Department of Criminal Justice

Professor Sandys received her Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Kentucky. Marla_Sandys.jpg She is one of the original and continuing members of the consortium of researchers that comprise the Capital Jury Project (CJP), funded by The National Science Foundation.  The primary focus of that work is to understand, from the jurors themselves, why they voted for life or death and whether those decisions are in keeping with the law designed to guide juror decision making in capital cases.

Recently, Professor Sandys received a foundation grant to study Indiana citizens’ support for the death penalty for people who are mentally ill.  She also recently completed data collection for a study of client satisfaction with a public defender agency. Professor Sandys teaches courses and seminars on such topics as research methods, capital punishment, defending the accused, and innocence, and she serves on the Advisory Board of the Wrongful Conviction Clinic at the McKinney School of Law, IUPUI.

Recent Publication

Sandys, M., Trahan, A., & Pruss, H. (2008).  Taking Account of “The Diminished Capacities of the Retarded”:  Are Capital Jurors up to the Task? 57 DePaul Law Review 679-700.

Sandys, M. and Trahan, A. (2008).  Life Qualification, Automatic Death Penalty Voter Status, and Juror Decision Making in Capital Cases 29 Justice Systems Journal 385-395.

Sandys, M., Pruss, H., & Walsh, S. (2009).  Aggravation and Mitigation:  Findings and Implications. 37 Journal of Psychiatry and Law 189-235.

Sandys, M., Vartkessian, E., Pruss, H., and Walsh, S.M. (forthcoming). Setting the Stage and Listening to what Jurors have to tell us about Mitigation.”  In E.C. Monahan and J. J. Clark (Eds.), Mitigation in Capital Cases:  Understanding

Sandys, M., Vartkessian, E., Pruss, H., and Walsh, S.M. (forthcoming).  “Setting the Stage and Listening to what Jurors have to tell us about Mitigation.”  In E.C. Monahan and J. J. Clark (Eds.), Mitigation in Capital Cases:  Understanding and Communicating the Life Story.

Moore, J., Sandys, M., and Jayadev, R. (2015).  “Make them Hear You:  Participatory Defense and the Struggle for Criminal Justice Reform. 78 Albany Law Review 1281-1316.

Sandys, M., Walsh, S., Pruss, H., and Cunningham, D. (2014). “Stacking the Deck for Guilt and Death: The Failure of Death Qualification to Ensure Impartiality.”  In J. Acker, R. M. Bohm, and C. Lanier (Eds.), America’s Experiment with Capital Punishment: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of the Ultimate Penal Sanction (3rd ed., pp. 393-423). Durham, NC:  Carolina Academic Press.

Bowers, W., Kelly, C.E., Kleinstuber, R., Vartkessian, E., and Sandys, M. (2014). “The Life or Death Sentencing Decision:  It’s at Odds with Constitutional Standards, is it Beyond Human Ability?”  In J. Acker, R. M. Bohm, and C. Lanier (Eds.), America’s Experiment with Capital Punishment: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of the Ultimate Penal Sanction (3rd ed., pp. 425-495).  Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Mastrocinque, J. M., Metzger, J.W., Madeira, J., Lang, K., Pruss, H. Navratil, P.K., Sandys, M.,and Cerulli, C.  (2014). “I’m Still here with the Pain:  Exploring the Health Consequences of Homicide on Families and Friends.”  Homicide Studies 1-24.

Randy Steidl

Board Chair

Witness to Innocence

Randy Steidl spent 17 years in Illinois prisons, including 12 on death row, before his exonerationRandy_Steidl.jpg in 2004. He was wrongly convicted and sentenced to die for the 1986 murders of Dyke and Karen Rhoads, before an Illinois State Police investigation found that local police had severely botched their investigation. Since his release, Randy has been extremely active in the anti-death penalty movement, speaking to colleges and state legislatures throughout the United States. His case is the subject of the book, Since When Is Murder Too Politically Sensitive? Randy was called by media in Illinois “the face of capital punishment repeal” for his activism in the successful campaign to abolish the death penalty in Illinois in 2011. He resides in Charleston, IL, with his wife Patty, an active member of WTI.

Witness to Innocence is the nation’s only organization dedicated to empowering exonerated death row survivors to be the most powerful and effective voice in the struggle to end the death penalty in the United States. Through public speaking, testifying in state legislatures, media work, and active participation in our nation’s cultural life, our members are helping to end the death penalty by educating the public about innocence and wrongful convictions. WTI also provides an essential network of peer support for the exonerated, most of whom received no compensation or access to reentry services when released from death row.

Witness to Innocence initially began its program operations in 2003 under the fiscal sponsorship of the Moratorium Campaign Education Fund, a project of Sister Helen Prejean, renowned anti-death penalty activist, author, and Nobel Prize nominee. We launched our first visible national organizing campaign in September 2005, when 25 exonerated death row survivors, family members, and allies came together near Atlanta, Georgia, for a three-day gathering of the exonerated community. Since our official launching in 2005, our members have played an essential and unique role in the anti-death penalty movement by sharing their stories with millions of people around the country and around the world.






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